The Single-Use-Plastic Directive is part of the EU's plastic strategy. The basic principle of the proposal is to reduce to amount of litter items in the beaches and sea. The principle is for a good cause, as no products should be thrown into nature.
Initially, this Directive addressed the problem of plastics in the oceans and focused on the most common top 10 plastic products found on the beaches and sea.
Recently the Directive has been expanded to deal with littering in general, waste management and an increased collection/ recycling of single-use materials.
The Directive is affecting forest industry directly, because single use products e.g. disposable cups often are of the composition paperboard and a barrier of plastics.
Swedish Forest Industries Federation views on the directive:
- The basic principle of the Commission's proposal is for a good cause. We should have a high level of collection and recycling of all materials in Europe, just as we already have, not least in Sweden.
- The proposal might benefit packaging made of a single material, as these today are easier to recycle. This could lead to the use of more beverage containers made of fossil based materials, rather than from materials that are mainly made from renewable raw materials.
- The Directive does not take sufficient account for the need for new materials, in order to make circularity work in practice. An example is paper and cardboard, which need an inflow of materials and these can be recycled into new materials up to seven times before the fibres wear-out.
- The Directive needs a clearer connection to existing legislation on recycling and waste. Definitions of what constitutes a plastic product is crucial, in order for different these legislations to apply together. The existing legislation defines products based on the main material in the composition.
Who is dealing with the matter right now?
EU has now reached an agreement that will be formally approved by the EU Parliament and the Council, probably at the end of the first quarter of 2019. After that the transitional period for member states is 2 years.