Photo: Emil Nordin

The forest industry carries out many short transfers – from the forest to the industrial facility – but also many long-haul shipments to customers around the world. Sustainable transport is therefore high on the agenda.

Transport plays a key role in our society. We depend on transport, both on our own travels and in getting access to the products we need.

As Sweden’s biggest transport buyer, the forest-based industry is constantly working to make transport more efficient and to create the right conditions for more sustainable transport. Researchers within distribution and logistics tend to highlight the need to work with an array of solutions to achieve more sustainable transportation with lower fossil emissions. Simply put, these solutions involve electricity, efficiency and an increased use of fossil-free fuel.

Trucks, trains and ships

The forest industry transports timber out of the forest all the way to the customer. The needs and challenges that come up during this long journey are several:

1. From forest to industry: Here, transport relies mainly on timber trucks. To decrease the emissions from this movement of timber, the possibility of carrying more on fewer, bigger trucks is an important part of the solution. A lot of research is currently exploring how trucks could run on electricity and biofuel.

2. From industry to customers: The forest industry mainly uses trains and ships to send the finished products out to customers around the world. The forest industry is dependent on functioning infrastructure, including rail tracks that are well maintained and well planned.

Sweden’s biggest transport buyer

The forest-based industry is Sweden’s biggest transport buyer. The distribution is carried out largely by third-party logistics companies with access to trucks, trains and ships. With so many parties involved, there is a shared responsibility for ensuring that transport is as sustainable as possible. The forest-based industry plays a key role in how we move forward.